HIV is a human immunodeficiency virus, a retrovirus that causes AIDS in the event of untreated infection. The virus causes the weakness and inability of the organism's defense system. HIV disease is a chronic progressive process that begins with the onset of the HIV virus into the body, and over time (in adults over 10 years), gradual destruction of the immune system occurs. The host during the infection becomes vulnerable and is suffering from complications of opportunistic infections and malignancies. A person infected with HIV feels good until developing AIDS, does not notice any changes in health, and has no specific external signs of infection. The only way to detect infection at this stage is through HIV testing. HIV is transmitted: unprotected sexual intercourse with the infected person, exchange of needles, syringes, or accessories with infected persons when taking drugs, with infected mother on her baby before, during, or after delivery (breastfeeding).
"In Shortly about HIV and AIDS,"
Health Sciences: Vol. 1:
1, Article 19.
Available at: https://doi.org/10.15342/hs.2020.241
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