Article Title

Etiology and Pathogenesis, Ontogeny and Ontogenesis


ARTICLE WITHDRAWN due to no response to queries from the journal/publisher or duplicate publication elsewhere.


Background: The WHO defines contributions to human well-being as prevention of disease, extension of life span, and improvement of quality of life. It has become clear that it is difficult to achieve the three objectives of disease prevention by only treatment of diseases. There are few comprehensive studies on the overall direction of medical and care research. The aim of this study was to investigate the extent to which etiology and pathogenesis and ontogenesis studies have been conducted in the history of medical and care research from a metaphysical perspective, to clarify the differences between the two and to examine future insurance prospects. Methods: The papers review and the discussion related to Etiology or Pathogenesis, and Ontogenesis or Ontogeny were conducted in December 2020, consulting the scientific databases from 1946 to 2020. The definition and the metaphysical difference in “Etiology and Pathogenesis” and “Ontogeny and Ontogenesis” were examined. Present and future medical and care insurance were discussed. Results: Etiology and etiology are based on problem-solving thinking that focuses on the problem, and are handled within a limited scope, time, and money. A person may be handled in the box unless the problem is completely eliminated. The insurance adaptation was poured for the cure rather than the care. Ontogeny and Ontogenesis focused on development and growth, and because there were no problems themselves, there was no scope or time to be limited, and potential fields were considered. Because care for development and growth is rarely covered by insurance, the need for future coverage was considered. Conclusion: Further research development of Ontogeny and Ontogenesis and examination of the insurance application are future prospects.

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