Article Title

Time Management Matrix in Nursing and Care


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Background: Early career burnout among nurses and caregivers are a seriously facing issue. Short-staffing, patient-nurse ratio, nurses' workload, work-life interference, and general health of nurses are reported to be linked to burnout in the world. The problem is also known to be involved in job satisfaction and patient care quality. The investigation and the analysis of nurses' intention to leave and considering are also often reported in various countries in the world. These problems seem to be related to the problem of energy balance and harmony between the allowable stress of each individual and the expected work content, quantity, and relationships that occur over a limited time horizon. There are various and complicated problems in the background. However, this study will examine the work of nurses and care focusing on one factor of time. The purpose of this study was to investigate the possibility of Time Management Matrix by analyzing the Nursing literature. Methods: An attempt is made to examine the various nursing management issues reported in the literature using the concept of a time management matrix that has already been reported. The following were carried out as a procedure: Concept understanding of the time management matrix and problem arrangement in time management of Nursing reported from the literature from 1971 to 2020. The problem in the time management in nursing and care was examined using the time management trick. Results: There have been several reports of nurses' time management problems, including lack of time to respond to medical health system problems, patient education and communication, and patient-centered care practice. It was indicated that the second region time of the time management matrix was small, and that there were many other times. It was suggested that nursing and care services were urgent, critical, and time-critical, and that Quadant I (urgent and important, DO), which performed multiple tasks, might have more time. It was suggested that the time needed for Quadant II (not urgent but important, PLAN) should be expanded to allow for more time to consider issues, develop plans, and provide investment-type care time needed for the growth, development, and learning of subjects. In the case of nurses and care givers, who spend a lot of time on non-specialist tasks such as unimportant phone calls and responses, cleaning and organizing, document preparation and organization, meetings, e-mails, chat, and routine tasks, it was suggested that efforts to reduce time in Quadant III (urgent but not important, DELIGATE) and Quadant IV (not urgent and not important, ELIMINATE) might be needed throughout the organization. Using the time management matrix, it was suggested that time management issues of individuals and the whole organization could be examined, rather than the limited view of nursing practice. In nursing practice, statistical data such as the percentage of time that nurses spend on Quadant II (not urgent but important, PLAN) are measured, and in the future, it may become a material to grasp the actual situation in the time management of organizations and individuals. It could be useful as a sort of problem-solving tool, so we might consider introducing it as a new attempt. Future research development is necessary. Conclusion: It was indicated that the work arrangement which the nurse should originally do as a profession was necessary. It may show the condition that fulfills the nursing original's role practice and function that the working hour of Quadrant II increases or is enough. Time Management Matrix may have the possibility of use as a sort of problem-solving tool for organizations and individuals as a new attempt to see the reality of job priority and the validity of time management.

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